VALLO ALPINO - BLOCKADE

"STUDENA"

Blockade "Studena"

XXVI. Sector (Villa del Nevoso), Subsector XXVI. B.(Clana)

Situated near height 902, in the immediate vicinity of border crossing on Studena - Clana road. It includes two separate underground forts, a number of field-type MG and HMG nests, separate concrete AT position and passive AT defences (AT wall, mout and minefields). According to german intelligence, a third fort was still under construction at the end of 1944.

Armament: 15 HMGs, 1LMGs, one 47/32 mm AT gun.

 

Fort No. 1: S side of the road, consisting of two combat blocks, armed with two HMGs: one in steel casemate flush with hill slope, controlling the access road, and the other looking towards italian side, a so-called «traitor weapon». Placed behind «three-parts armor», its role was to fire on enemy forces that would eventually squeeze past the frontal fire. This combat block also has a photophone for communication with nearby fort No. 2. Underground (logistical part) including caserne with ammo, food and drinking water storage. Generator room situated near the entrance block, air filters and gas-proof doors for anti-gas defence. Separate small concrete block serving as air duct.

Fort No. 2: N side of the road, close to GaF barracks, with one steel turret armed with 2 HMGs. One observatory concrete block for communication with fort No. 1, with safety exit. This block also had a LMG embrasure facing eastwards. Underground (logistical part) including caserne with ammo, food and drinking water storage. Generator room situated near the entrance, air filters and gas-proof doors for anti-gas defence.

Present state of the forts:

fully accessible, however, the main entrance of fort No. 2 (lying close to ex-GaF barracks) is now on privately owned land. Fort No. 1 has its «traitor» combat position fully preserved and accessible. However, steel casemate was blown up. Steel turret of fort No. 2 is preserved, but the main entrance is blocked by stones and earth. It is still possible to gain access by means of vertical ladder, but one has to be careful as the opening of the access duct is neither protected nor easily visible in the grass. Preserved observatory block is a better choice for entry into this fort. Logistical parts in reasonably good shape, not too unsafe. Naturally, vertical access ducts are to be negotiated carefully.

 

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