VALLO ALPINO - BLOCKADE

"PASSIACCO"

Blockade "Passiacco"

«Vallo Alpino» («Alpine Wall») Eastern Front – XXVI. Sector – Subsector XXVI. B.

Blockade (Sbarramento) "Passiacco" (Pasjak)

Situated near the railway station of Sappiane, defending the main road Fiume – Trieste, as well as the crossroads of Ruppa. It includes four separate underground forts, a number of field-type MG and HMG nests, and an open AT position. Of passive defences, only lines upon lines of barbed wire are mentioned.

 

Fort No. 1: above the railroad station, on W side of the road, above the sharp turn towards the village of Passiacco, consisting of two combat blocks, each armed with one HMG placed in steel casemate almost flush with hill slope. One observatory concrete block with safety exit. Underground (logistical part) including caserne with ammo, food and drinking water storage. Generator room situated near the entrance block. Air filters and gas-proof doors for anti-gas defence.

Fort No. 2: N side of the road, close to GaF barracks. Three combat blocks with HMGs in steel casemates. One concrete block with safety exit. Underground (logistical part) including casernes with ammo, food and drinking water storage. Generator room situated near the entrance, air filters and gas-proof doors for anti-gas defence.

Fort No. 3: E of the railroad, above the main road close to the village of Sappiane. Three combat blocks: one HMG in steel casemate, one HMG in concrete block behind armored steel shield, one steel observatory cloche. The peculiarity of this fort is that there appears to be no safety exit. However, one combat block is damaged to such a degree that there could have been a safety exit (beside the HMG position). Underground (logistical part) including caserne with ammo, food and drinking water storage. Generator room situated near the entrance, air filters and gas-proof doors for anti-gas defence.

Fort No. 4: N of the fort No. 3, above the railroad. Three combat blocks: two HMGs in concrete blocks behind armoured steel shields, and one 57/43 mm Nordenfeld AT gun in concrete block. Separate safety exit. Underground (logistical part) including caserne with ammo, food and drinking water storage. Generator room situated near the safety exit, air filters and gas-proof doors for anti-gas defence.

Present state of the forts:

fully accessible, but not much is preserved. All combat blocks have been blown up, steel observatory cloche destroyed. The locals say that the main reason for destruction of Passiacco forts in the early fifties was to scavenge the armoured steel parts (casemates and shields). Logistical parts in reasonably good shape, not too unsafe, but the moss-covered remains of concrete combat blocks can be very slippery, making a nasty fall into the pit of remaining access stairway a scary possibility. Access stairways towards destroyed positions are blocked by debris. Vertical access ducts are to be negotiated carefully, especially the ones leading towards safety exits of forts No. 1 and 2.

APPROXIMATE PLANS & PICTURE GALLERY

MAIN PAGE