VALLO ALPINO - BLOCKADE

"GHERMADA"

Blockade "Ghermada"

XXIII. Sector (Postumia), Subsector XXIII. B.

Sbarramento "Ghermada" - Official designation "Giuriatti"

Situated on Mt. Ghermada above Postumia - Planina road, overlooking almost complete border zone in this area, its view stretching towards Circonico (Cerknica) on yugoslav part of the border. It includes three separate underground forts, and a number of field-type MG and HMG nests.There were no separate AT walls and mouts, as the purpose of those fortifications was mainly observation and control of the important roads in the area with HMG fire.

Official complement: 224 enlisted men, 3 officers.

Armament: 20 HMGs, 10 LMGs, 4 AT guns, two 81 mm mortars.



 

 

Fort No. 1: SE slope of Mt. Ghermada, consisting of a massive concrete structure above the ground, as well as the underground logistical part, that also includes two armoured observatories built into the steep slope. Armament includes two HMGs behind «three parts armours» in one concrete block, that also has a photophone for communication with fort No. 2. Openings of armoured observatories overlook the entire border zone. Underground (logistical part) including dwelling casernes, separate ammo, food and drinking water storages. Safety exit located in the combat block. Generator room situated near the entrance, air regenerators and gas-proof doors for anti-gas defence. Entrance block has a photophone (probably) towards the forts of «Raggi – Brunner» blockade.

Fort No. 2: S slope of Mt. Ghermada, consisting of a massive concrete structure above the ground (similar to that of the fort No. 1), as well as the underground logistical part. Armament includes two HMGs behind «three parts armours» in the concrete block, that also has a photophone for communication with fort No. 1, as well as a photophone oriented towards fort No. 1 of blockade «Saga». Also, two HMGs in steel turret. Caserne with ammo, food and water storages. Air regenerator and gas-proof doors for anti-gas defence, power generator. Main entrance situated in separate block on the access road level, safety exit located in concrete combat block.

Fort No. 3: SE slope of Mt. Ghermada, "more" underground than the first two forts. Armament includes (probably) three HMGs in dug-in steel casemates, although it is not easy to tell now that this fort is the most heavily damaged one. One combat position could be either another HMG in steel casemate, or even surface concrete block with HMGs behind «three parts armours». Caserne with ammo, food and water storages. Air regenerator and gas-proof doors for anti-gas defence, power generator. Main entrance situated below the access road level, safety exit being a separate vertical shaft.

 

 

Present state of the forts:

accessible, but with varying degree of preservation, ranging from exceptionally well preserved to almost completely destroyed (at least the combat part). Fort No. 1 is almost completely preserved, including armoured steel parts, especially the rare armoured observatories. Note that this does not include the steel doors, ventilation, wiring and other outfitting elements, long since gone. Logistical parts in reasonably good shape, only a number of unprotected sewer ducts under the gallery floors ask of visitors to be careful. All combat positions of fort No. 3 are blown up, hunters lodge now constructed on top of what appears to have been a HMG position in steel casemate. In fact, the extent of destruction is such that the fort`s armament remains only my guesstimation. Steel turret of fort No. 2 is removed, as well as the steel parts of HMG embrasures of the main combat block. Access ducts leading towards destroyed combat positions of fort No. 3 blocked by debris. Forts No. 1 and No. 2 no longer have the stairs that once connected main combat blocks with underground logistical part, so the vertical access ducts represent dangerous abysses.

 

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